Skip to main content
Open Menu
Menu
Close Menu
Home »

News

How Myopia (Nearsightedness) Can Affect Your Child’s Life

How Myopia Nearsightedness Can Affect Your Child’s Life 640×350Myopia (also known as nearsightedness) is nothing short of a global epidemic. According to the World Health Organization, 27% of the world’s population has myopia, and that number is expected to rise to 50% by 2050.

Myopia almost always begins in childhood and can progress rapidly until the late teens or early twenties. Children with moderate or severe myopia are at a much greater risk of developing eye conditions that can cause vision loss and even blindness.

Fortunately, there are proven ways to slow and sometimes halt myopia’s progression during childhood, to safeguard your child’s vision for a lifetime.

What Causes Myopia?

Myopia is often inherited, but other risk factors include spending too many hours indoors engaged in ‘near work’ like reading and staring at electronic screens.

Myopia occurs when the eyeball grows longer, which causes light rays to refract incorrectly, focusing images in front of your retina instead of on your retina. This results in blurry vision.

How Myopia Can Impact Your Child

Nearsightedness can affect your child in many ways:

Difficulties at School and While Playing Sports

Sometimes parents don’t realize their child is experiencing myopia-related blurry vision until they notice a recurrence of poor grades on their report cards or tests.

Eyestrain

Trying to focus on faraway objects to see them with more clarity when they appear blurry often results in eyestrain. Yet many parents and teachers don’t realize that a child’s headaches, tired, burning, itchy eyes, blurry vision, neck and shoulder pain may be caused by myopia.

Poor Sports Performance

When you try to catch a ball, aim for a target or locate a goal post, you need to see clearly at a distance. Nearsightedness can interfere with a child’s ability to succeed on the sports field.

How Does Myopia Affect Quality of Life?

Myopia isn’t just about difficulty seeing faraway objects. Rapidly progressing myopia increases a child’s risk of developing serious eye conditions in the future. They include:

  • Glaucoma
  • Retinal detachment
  • Cataracts
  • Myopic maculopathy

What is Myopia Management?

Myopia management is the area of optometry devoted to slowing down and even halting the rapid progression of myopia in childhood. Myopia can be managed thanks to a customized treatment program provided by an eye doctor near you. The sooner a child’s myopia is managed, the lower the risk of myopia-related complications in adulthood.

To find out how myopia management can transform your child’s vision, confidence and success in life, schedule an appointment with Dr. Matthew Wang today.

Our practice serves patients from Irvine, Dana Point, Lake Forest, and Newport Beach, California and surrounding communities.
Frequently Asked Questions with Dr. Matthew Wang

Q: Can Myopia Be Cured?

  • A: While there’s no cure for myopia, myopia management has been scientifically proven to slow and at times halt myopia’s progression. LASIK and other laser surgeries aren’t an option until a child with myopia reaches adulthood and their eyes have stopped growing (meaning, their eye prescription has stopped changing).

Q: What is High Myopia?

  • A: High myopia is a more severe form of regular myopia, usually above -3.00 dioptres. Children who develop high myopia often have rapidly progressing myopia that begins in early childhood and are at a higher risk of developing serious sight-threatening eye diseases later in life, such as glaucoma, macular degeneration and cataracts. Myopia management can help slow or halt the rapid progression of myopia, offering the child a higher quality of life in the long term.

    Can Hitting Your Head Cause Blurred Vision?

    Have You Experienced Blurry Vision After Hitting Your Head 640×350People often experience blurry vision after brain trauma, especially from a concussion, a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI). In fact, about 90% of patients with a traumatic brain injury will experience some visual symptoms that can negatively affect their quality of life.

    Fortunately, neuro-optometric therapy can offer relief to many patients with head injuries. Contact Advanced Eyecare Optometric Center in Irvine to find out how we can help restore your vision and quality of life.

    How Can Hitting Your Head Affect Your Vision?

    While some minor head injuries result in nothing more than a bump or bruise, in more serious head injuries, known as traumatic brain injuries (TBIs), the brain impacts against the hard skull, often with powerful force. This impact can damage fragile nerves and blood vessels in the brain. Since 70% of our brain is responsible for visual processing, it’s no surprise that a TBI can cause blurred vision and other uncomfortable post-injury visual symptoms, such as:

    • Headaches
    • Eyestrain
    • Sensitivity to light
    • Dizziness
    • Poor hand-eye coordination
    • Double vision
    • Confusion
    • Memory problems

    Why You Should Schedule an Appointment with a Neuro-Optometrist

    When a head injury occurs, vision problems often take a backseat to more urgent concerns, such as relieving pressure on the brain or treating lacerations to the head or face. But that doesn’t mean vision problems can or should be ignored. Any vision problems related to a head injury can severely affect a person’s ability to work, study, drive and carry out day-to-day tasks.

    A neuro-optometrist diagnoses and treats a whole range of communication problems between the visual system and the brain caused by traumatic brain injuries (TBI), physical disabilities or other neurological conditions, such as a stroke, Parkinson’s disease or multiple sclerosis.

    Can Vision Be Restored After a Head Injury?

    Yes, especially with the help of neuro-optometric rehabilitation. The first step is scheduling a functional eye exam with your neuro-optometrist. During the exam your eye doctor will test the following visual skills:

    • Eye teaming
    • Eye tracking
    • Eye focusing
    • Visual processing
    • Peripheral vision
    • Spatial awareness
    • Lazy eye and eye turns

    What Is Neuro-Optometric Rehabilitation?

    Once your neuro-optometrist has diagnosed your condition, they will prescribe a customized program to relieve your symptoms. Neuro-optometric rehabilitation is a scientifically proven treatment plan that helps strengthen the functioning of the neurologically damaged visual system. The program relies on the brain’s neuroplasticity to improve the communication between the brain and the eyes.

    Neuro-optometric rehabilitation therapy involves in-session training and at-home exercises that will help restore normal vision. These may include:

    • Customized program of eye exercises
    • Prism glasses that help the brain and eyes to work together
    • Computer-assisted eye exercises
    • Corrective eye patches

    Want to see clearly again after a head injury? Schedule an appointment by contacting Advanced Eyecare Optometric Center in Irvine today!

    Our practice serves patients from Irvine, Dana Point, Lake Forest, and Newport Beach, California and surrounding communities.

    Frequently Asked Questions with Dr. Matthew Wang

    Q: How Long Does Blurred Vision Last After a Head Injury?

    • A: Although blurry vision sometimes goes away a couple of weeks after a head injury, it’s best not to leave it to chance, hoping visual problems will correct on their own. If you experience any vision problems after a head injury, it’s recommended to schedule an appointment with a neuro-optometrist. Neuro-optometric therapy can often correct blurry vision long-term by dealing with the root cause of your vision problems following a TBI.

    Q: Is a Traumatic Brain Injury the Same as a Concussion?

    • A: A TBI is a damage to the brain caused by impact. A concussion is considered a milder type of TBI. However, even a mild concussion can cause significant vision problems.

    Request A Neuro-Optometry Appointment Today
    Find Out If Neuro-Optometry Can Help You!

    10% of Children Have Undetected Vision Problems

    teacher helping a child with Undetected Vision ProblemsAlmost every classroom has children who struggle more than their peers, whether academically, socially or [behaviorally].

    What many parents and teachers don’t realize is that these kids may have a visual skill deficit that’s triggering their struggles.

    Experts estimate that 1 in 10 children will go through early childhood with an undiagnosed visual problem that can lead to learning and behavioral problems.

    That’s why it’s crucial to have a struggling child evaluated by a developmental optometrist to rule out, identify and treat any visual dysfunction with vision therapy.

    At Advanced Eyecare Vision Therapy Center, we believe that educating parents and teachers about the warning signs of visual dysfunction is the first step toward ensuring that every child with a visual deficit is given the treatment they need to thrive.

    Why Are Vision Problems So Commonly Overlooked?

    Children, especially toddlers and preschoolers, often lack the verbal skills necessary to communicate a visual problem.

    And even if they’re able to communicate, most kids may simply assume that their vision is fine, and that they see the world the way everybody else does.

    School vision screenings also play a role here.

    These basic screenings really only test a child’s eyesight, or visual acuity — how clearly they see distant objects. What the screenings fail to test are the rest of the 16 visual skills necessary for healthy development and learning. Some examples are eye tracking, focusing, convergence and eye teaming.

    In other words, a child can pass the school’s vision screening with flying colors and still have a visual skills deficit that can negatively affect learning and behavior.

    Telltale Signs of Visual Dysfunction In Children

    So, how do you know if your child or student has a visual problem?

    While the only way to know for sure is through a functional visual evaluation, there are some signs and symptoms to watch for that may warrant a call to Advanced Eyecare Vision Therapy Center.

    A child with visual skills deficits may experience any of the following medical symptoms:

    • Headaches
    • Eyestrain
    • Nausea / vomiting
    • Double vision
    • Dizziness
    • Poor hand-eye coordination or clumsiness
    Behavioral/academic problems that can arise due to vision problems include:

    • Hyperactivity
    • Inattentiveness
    • Lack of motivation
    • Refusal or hesitation to do homework
    • Poor reading comprehension
    • Skips lines or words when reading
    • Frequent eye rubbing and head tilting

    If a child displays any of the above symptoms, call ​​Advanced Eyecare Vision Therapy Center in Irvine to schedule a functional visual evaluation.

    How Does Vision Therapy Work

    If a visual deficit is detected, we may recommend vision therapy as the best treatment option.

    Vision therapy is a customized treatment program that trains the eyes and brain to communicate seamlessly. When the eyes don’t send a unified message to the brain, or the brain has difficulty processing incoming visual information, vision therapy works by correcting those pathways at the source.

    During a vision therapy session, your child will be shown and instructed to do several eye exercises to strengthen the visual system. Vision therapy sessions are done in-office, but certain eye exercises should be [practiced] at home, in-between visits.

    Vision therapy has been clinically shown to effectively treat eye misalignment disorders, lazy eye (amblyopia), focusing problems, convergence insufficiencies and ocular motor dysfunctions.

    Our skilled and friendly optometric team has lots of experience working with children of all ages and helping them feel safe and comfortable during the entire process.

    Make sure that your child isn’t part of the 10% of kids with undiagnosed, and therefore untreated, visual skills deficits. To schedule your child’s functional visual evaluation, contact Advanced Eyecare Vision Therapy Center in Irvine today!

    Frequently Asked Questions with Dr. Matthew Wang

    Q: How can visual dysfunction affect learning and development?

    • A: An estimated 80% of classroom learning is dependent on vision. Subpar visual skills can impede learning by making it unnecessarily difficult for a child to see the board from their seat, read, write, play sports and interact confidently with their peers. Ultimately, this can lead to reduced self-esteem. Making sure your child’s vision is healthy will set them up for academic, social and overall success.

    Q: How long does vision therapy take?

    • A: The length depends on each patient’s individual condition and needs. A vision therapy program can last anywhere from several weeks to a few months. Speak with your eye doctor about how long your vision therapy program is expected to take.

    What Exactly is an Eye Chart?

    If there’s one aspect of optometry that everyone recognizes, it’s the traditional eye chart, with its rows of big letters on top, which gradually become smaller the farther down you go. This chart is usually known as the Snellen chart.

    Yet how much do you really know about this eye chart? Are all eye charts the same? How are these eye charts used? And when were they invented?

    Here’s everything you need to know about eye charts and more!

    What is an Eye Chart?

    An eye chart is one of the tools your eye doctor uses to assess your eyesight. Based on how well you can see various letters on the chart, your optometrist will determine whether you have myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), presbyopia (age-related farsightedness) or astigmatism, and will measure the prescription that will give you the clearest, most comfortable vision.

    Are All Eye Charts The Same?

    There are a number of variations to the standard Snellen eye chart. The one an eye doctor uses depends on the personal needs and abilities of the patient. For example, eye doctors will use charts with pictures or patterns for younger children who may not have learned to read or identify letters and numbers.

    There are also certain charts that specifically measure distance vision, while others are better for measuring near vision.

    History of the Snellen Eye Chart

    The Snellen eye chart was developed by Dutch eye doctor Hermann Snellen in the 1860s. Before this standardized eye chart was developed, each eye doctor had their own chart that they preferred to use.

    Having so many different eye charts made it impossible to standardize the vision correction available to patients. Eyeglass makers didn’t receive the defined measurements they needed to accurately design, manufacture and measure the optical prescriptions their patients needed.

    For the first time, the Snellen eye chart allowed a person to provide a standardized prescription from any eye care provider they chose to any eyeglass maker, and get the same optical lenses to accurately correct their vision.

    How The Snellen Chart Is Used in Eye Exams

    The standard Snellen chart displays 11 rows of capital letters, with the first row consisting of a single large letter. The farther down the chart you go, the smaller the letters become.

    Your Irvine eye doctor will ask you to look through a phoropter – an instrument used to test individual lenses on each eye during an eye exam – and look at the Snellen chart placed 20 feet away. Your eye doctor will prescribe the lenses that provide you with the clearest and most comfortable vision.

    In many offices, where 20 feet of space may not be available, you’ll be asked to view the chart through a mirror. This provides the same visual experience as if you were standing 20 feet away.

    If you have 20/20 vision, it means you can see what an average person can see on an eye chart from a distance of 20 feet. On the other hand, if you have 20/40 vision, it means you can only see clearly from 20 feet away what a person with perfect vision can see clearly from 40 feet away.

    If you have 20/200 vision, the legal definition of blindness, this means what a person with perfect vision can see from 200 feet away, you can see from 20 feet away.

    Does 20/20 Visual Acuity Mean Perfect Vision?

    No. While eye chart tests identify refractive errors, they can’t detect signs of visual skill deficiencies or diseases such as glaucoma, cataracts or macular degeneration. These are diagnosed using advanced equipment as part of a comprehensive eye exam with your local Irvine eye doctor. Early diagnosis and treatment of eye conditions are essential to ensuring long-term vision and eye health.

    For more information, give us a call at 714-984-0566 or visit us in person at Advanced Eyecare Optometric Center, today!

    Q&A With Your Local Optometrist

    How do you keep your eyes healthy?

    You only have one set of eyes – don’t take them for granted!

    Make sure to implement the following habits for healthy eyes (and body). These include:

    • Eating a balanced diet rich in fiber, fruits and vegetables
    • Drinking plenty of water to hydrate your body and eyes
    • Not smoking, and avoiding 2nd-hand smoke
    • Wearing sunglasses to protect your eyes from ultraviolet (UV) rays
    • Maintaining normal BMI with regular exercise
    • Regular visits to your eye doctor as recommended

    What health conditions can an eye exam detect?

    A comprehensive eye exam can often detect certain underlying diseases that can threaten your sight and eye health, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, tumors, autoimmune conditions and thyroid disorders. This is why having your eyes checked regularly is key. The earlier the diagnosis and treatment, the better the outcome and the higher your quality of life.

    Covid Patients Are 40% More Likely to Get Diabetes – What Does That Mean for Your Vision?

    Covid 19 Patient Sick in BedHave you had Covid-19? After your fever and cough have subsided, you may think the virus is behind you. However, even after your Covid test comes back negative, you may experience health problems in the near future, including diabetes.

    Recent studies have found that a significant percentage of post-Covid-19 patients developed diabetes within a year of contracting the virus. This is particularly problematic, as diabetes raises the risk of developing many health problems, including several sight-threatening eye conditions that can rob people of their vision.

    What Does the Research Show?

    A March 2022 Lancet study that evaluated the records of 181,280 U.S. military veterans found a 40% higher risk of developing Type-2 diabetes in those who had Covid. Although those at greatest risk were over 65, African American and/or had underlying health conditions, many younger patients also developed Type 2 diabetes.

    A study published in January 2022 by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) found that children and teens under 18 were more likely to receive a new diabetes diagnosis (both Type 1 and Type 2) at least 30 days after infection than those who never contracted Covid.

    Scientists are investigating exactly why Covid-19 raises the risk of developing diabetes. In many cases, it’s believed that the virus targets pancreatic cells, which are responsible for making insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. A lack of insulin causes diabetes.

    Some scientists also theorize that inactivity and weight gain due to lockdowns and quarantines may have raised the risk of developing diabetes.

    Diabetes-Related Conditions

    Diabetes is linked to many eye conditions, including:

    Blurry Vision – High blood sugar drives the lens inside your eye to swell, causing your vision to blur.

    Cataracts – Diabetes can cause cataracts, cloudy patches that form in the lens of the eye.

    Glaucoma – This disease develops from high pressure inside the eye and can lead to severe vision loss.

    Diabetic Retinopathy – High blood sugar levels damage the small fragile blood vessels on the retina, leading to vision loss.

    Maculopathy – Swelling of the macula, the center of the retina, can make it difficult to drive, read or see detail.

    Some of these conditions have no noticeable symptoms during their early stages when it’s still possible to prevent or minimize vision loss. So having regular comprehensive eye exams is crucial.

    How to Reduce Your Risk of Diabetes Post-Covid

    Even after you’ve recovered from Covid, you may still be at a higher risk of developing diabetes. So, along with people who have a family history of the disease, make sure to book a comprehensive eye exam, eat a healthy and balanced diet, don’t smoke, maintain your appropriate weight, and ask your physician to monitor your blood sugar levels.

    Also, if you have any eye symptoms, such as blurry vision, schedule an appointment with Advanced Eyecare Optometric Center immediately. Remaining vigilant and aware of the risks can help safeguard your vision thanks to early intervention and treatment.

    Are you concerned about the effect having Covid may have on your eyes? Schedule an appointment with Advanced Eyecare Optometric Center today!

    Our practice serves patients from Irvine, Dana Point, Lake Forest, and Newport Beach, California and surrounding communities.

    Q&A with Dr. Matthew Wang

    Q: What is a diabetic retinal eye exam?

    A: A diabetic retinal [eye__exam] checks for diabetic retinopathy, a condition that affects the small thin blood vessels in the retina located at the back of the eye. Your optometrist will place eye drops into your eye to open your pupils so they can more easily see the back of your eye. They may take digital images to inspect blood vessels: these full-color 3D images show the cross-section of the retina and measure the retinal thickness to help your optometrist detect any fluid or blood leakage.

    Q: How common is vision loss with diabetes?

    A: People with diabetes are more likely to experience eye and vision problems. Among people over 45 diagnosed with diabetes, 17.6% experience some degree of vision loss.
    – 9.2% is caused by cataracts
    – 4.1% is caused by diabetic retinopathy
    – 2.2% is caused by macular degeneration
    – 2.1% is caused by glaucoma. Therefore, anyone diagnosed with or with risk factors for diabetes should have regular eye exams to protect their vision and eye health.

    Book An Appointment
    Call Our Offices

    Bloodshot Eyes – Should You Be Concerned?

    You wake up in the morning ready to start your day, only to discover that your eyes are bloodshot. That might not be surprising if you stayed up late to finish a project, had too many drinks at a party or spent time in a smoke-filled room.

    But bloodshot eyes can also signal an underlying eye problem. If your eyes appear red or bloodshot, make an appointment with an eye doctor for a comprehensive eye exam to determine the cause and to receive effective treatment.

    Why Do I Have Bloodshot Eyes?

    When blood rushes to the front of the eye, the tiny red blood vessels on the white of the eye dilate and become visible. This makes the eyes appear red and irritated.

    So why do these blood vessels dilate, causing your eyes to look bloodshot?

    Bloodshot eyes tend to be caused by:

    • Dry eyes
    • Irritants such as smoke, pollen and perfume
    • Lack of sleep
    • Excessive alcohol consumption
    • Spending too much time in front of the computer

    Bloodshot eyes due to lifestyle and environmental irritants may disappear on their own, or you can try to relieve them with over-the-counter eye drops or liquid tears. Lifestyle changes, such as getting more sleep, cutting down on alcohol intake and limiting screen time can often be helpful. If allergies are the culprit, oral antihistamines and antihistamine eye drops may relieve symptoms.

    At other times, underlying problems requiring prompt medical attention can cause your eye’s blood vessels to dilate. The following are some of these medical conditions:

    Conjunctivitis

    You’ve probably heard of “pink eye.” It’s another name for infectious conjunctivitis – an infection of the conjunctiva, the thin membrane covering the eyelid and the front surface of the eye.

    There are two types of infectious conjunctivitis – bacterial and viral.

    If your child has conjunctivitis, they’re not alone. About 12% of kids get bacterial conjunctivitis every year. This highly contagious condition affects children and adults. In addition to reddish eyes, the following symptoms are associated with conjunctivitis:

    • Bacterial conjunctivitis – irritated eyes, swollen eyelids, eye discharge, crusty eyelids and excessive tearing
    • Viral conjunctivitis – cold or flu-like symptoms, runny nose, fever, itchy eyes, excessive tearing

    If you or your child are experiencing these symptoms, it’s important to schedule a prompt appointment with an eye doctor, who can diagnose whether the conjunctivitis is viral, bacterial or due to allergies.

    Depending on the diagnosis, your eye doctor will prescribe antibiotic eye drops or creams to treat bacterial conjunctivitis. The viral form may run its course after a few days, but cold compresses and non-prescription eye drops may provide relief.

    Dry Eye Syndrome

    If your eyes are chronically bloodshot you may have dry eye syndrome (DES). Signs of DES include:

    • Dry, irritated eyes
    • Burning or stinging eyes
    • Discharge from the eyes
    • Light sensitivity
    • A feeling you have something stuck in your eyes
    • Blurred vision
    • Watery eyes

    Dry eye syndrome is most commonly caused by a blockage of the tiny meibomian glands in the eyelids. These glands secrete oil that keeps eye moisture from evaporating too quickly. Without the oil, tears dry fast, leaving your eyes feeling dry, itchy and with a bloodshot appearance.

    Too much screen time, aging, certain medications such as antihistamines, and medical conditions such as Sjogren’s syndrome can cause dry eye syndrome.

    In addition to any medications or in-office treatments your eye doctor recommends, make sure to get plenty of hydration, take frequent breaks from digital screens and use a humidifier in your home.

    Uveitis

    In addition to bloodshot eyes, if you also experience blurred vision, see floaters or your eyes feel painful, you may have an eye inflammation called uveitis. The causes of uveitis include:

    • Autoimmune or inflammatory condition
    • Infection
    • Medication side effects
    • Cancer (in rare cases)

    Unfortunately, uveitis symptoms can often be mistaken for something less serious. That’s the reason it’s important to get an eye exam if your eyes are bloodshot. Left untreated, uveitis can lead to serious conditions such as retinal scarring, cataracts and vision loss.

    Depending on the cause and severity, your eye doctor may treat uveitis with prescription eye drops, steroid pills, injections or eye implants.

    Eye Injury

    It’s vital that all eye injuries receive immediate eye care from an eye doctor.

    Even a minor eye injury can cause a big red blotch to form on the white part of the eye (sclera). The cause is a broken blood vessel or a subconjunctival hemorrhage.

    Although the appearance of this blood looks severe, and can make the entire white part of the eye appear bright red, a subconjunctival hemorrhage is usually painless and doesn’t cause vision loss. Any time you notice excessive blood on the eye following an eye injury, schedule an appointment with an eye doctor to assess the health of your eye.

    Glaucoma

    In rare cases, bloodshot eyes may signal the presence of glaucoma – a leading cause of vision loss and blindness.

    While some types of glaucoma don’t show symptoms in the early phases, bloodshot eyes can indicate the type of glaucoma that requires immediate medical care. This disease causes damage to the optic nerve due to excessive pressure within the eye. When this pressure suddenly rises, the eye’s blood vessels become dilated and visible, making the eye appear red.

    If you have bloodshot eyes and/or have the following risk factors for glaucoma, immediately schedule an appointment with your eye doctor.

    • Family history of glaucoma
    • Aged 60+
    • African American, Asian or Hispanic
    • Diabetes
    • High blood pressure

    Bloodshot Eyes Won’t Go Away?

    Talk to Us Any time you notice bloodshot eyes or blood on the front of the eye, don’t wait. Schedule your eye exam with Dr. Matthew Wang at Advanced Eyecare Optometric Center in Irvine today.

    Q&A With Your Local Optometrist

    Can I get bloodshot eyes after LASIK surgery?

    LASIK surgery is highly effective minimally invasive laser eye surgery that can correct refractive errors, but like all surgical procedures, it can have side effects. Your eyes may be bloodshot or you could see halos from a few days to three weeks after surgery. Additionally, you may experience other dry eye symptoms. Eye drops and liquid tears can alleviate these symptoms, but if you have any concerns about your eyes following LASIK surgery contact your eye surgeon.

    What Should I Expect from a Glaucoma Exam?

    If you have a family history and/or other risk factors for glaucoma, and if your eyes look bloodshot, consider scheduling a glaucoma exam. Your eye doctor may perform the following tests:

    • Tonometry – eye pressure test
    • Gonioscopy – to see how fluid is draining out of your eye
    • Vision field test – to examine the functioning of the optic nerve
    • Dilated pupil exam – to detect any damage to the optic nerve
    • Retinal photo or OCT – digital examination of the retina and optic nerve health

    Are Myopic Parents More Likely to Have Myopic Children?

    Myopic Parents 640×350If you have myopia (nearsightedness), can you pass nearsightedness on to your children? Yes, you can. Having myopic parents greatly increases a child’s risk of developing myopia.

    Due to heredity and other risk factors, myopia is reaching epidemic proportions – with more than 50% of the population expected to be myopic by 2050. That’s worrying, as having moderate to severe myopia greatly increases the risk of developing sight-threatening eye diseases like glaucoma and macular degeneration later in life.

    What Is Myopia?

    If you have myopia, distant objects will appear blurred. This happens when your cornea or eye lens is oval-shaped and excessively curved. As a result, the light entering your eye focuses images in front of your retina instead of directly on it, causing blurred vision.

    Can Myopia Be Inherited? What the Stats Say

    The answer is yes, myopia can be passed on from parents to children. There are 40 genes that influence the eye’s development and shape, and these could be responsible for nearsightedness.

    Children with one myopic parent are 1.5x more likely to develop the condition, and the risk is tripled if both parents have myopia. This makes getting a comprehensive eye exam a must for any child of nearsighted parents.

    Other risk factors include spending less than two hours a day outdoors and engaging in “near work” activities like reading and spending time on an electronic device, such as a computer or cell phone. Fortunately, there are ways to manage, slow and sometimes halt myopia progression.

    What’s Myopia Management?

    Myopia management is a systematic approach to preventing the progression of myopia. It includes lifestyle changes and treatments that help keep your child’s myopia from progressing.

    ​​We use the latest technology to ensure your child’s vision remains stable and healthy for years to come.

    Protect Your Child’s Vision With Myopia Management

    Let us help your child diminish the risk of developing ocular disease and vision loss with our effective myopia management program. Schedule an appointment with Dr. Matthew Wang at Advanced Eyecare Myopia Control Center in Irvine. We’ll use the latest technology to ensure your child’s vision remains stable and healthy for years to come.

    Our practice serves patients from Irvine, Dana Point, Lake Forest, and Newport Beach, California and surrounding communities.

    Frequently Asked Questions with Dr. Matthew Wang

    Q: What are some ways I can reduce my child’s screen time?

    • A: It isn’t easy to change habits, but as a family, you can work together to reduce screen time. Try the following:- Set limits on total amount of screen time per day
      – Create routines around screen use–such as after homework and chores
      – Model healthy screen use for your child
      – Talk to your children about why it is important to limit screen time
      – Engage in physical activity and outdoor sports as a family

    Q: When Does Myopia Typically Develop?

    • A: Myopia begins in children as young as 6 and tends to progress until roughly the age of 20. The more it progresses, and the higher the prescription, the greater your child’s risk of developing potentially sight-threatening eye conditions, such as cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration and retinal detachment later in life.

    Does Your Child Have 20/20 Vision Yet Still Struggles In School?

    Does Your Child Have 20 20 Vision 640×350Your child aced their school’s vision screening test with 20/20 eyesight. That means perfect vision, right?

    Actually, no. 20/20 simply means that your child can clearly see things that are 20 feet away. While that’s good news, clear eyesight doesn’t mean a student has strong visual skills.

    There are 17 crucial visual skills that can impact your child’s success in school and on the sports field. Fortunately, most children are able to improve their visual skills with vision therapy.

    What Are Visual Skills?

    A healthy visual system relies not only on healthy vision, but on the eyes’ ability to move correctly, send the correct information to the brain, and the brain’s ability to interpret this information. If any one of these visual skills is sub-par, it can impact a child’s reading, writing and learning. This, in turn, can harm their motivation and self-confidence.

    The visual skills needed to succeed in school (and life) include:

    • Eye movement – the ability to accurately control the eye’s movements
    • Eye teaming – the ability of both eyes to work together
    • Focusing – the ability to maintain clear vision at all distances
    • Peripheral vision – seeing objects at the sides of our vision
    • Saccades – the ability for vision to jump between focal points

    When 20/20 Vision Doesn’t Measure Up

    When a child scores 20/20 on a simple vision test, problems with visual skills often go unnoticed because basic screenings rarely assess beyond eyesight. It’s no wonder that 1 out of 4 schoolchildren has an undiagnosed vision problem! That’s a lot of children struggling unnecessarily, and well into adulthood.

    Only a functional eye exam performed by an eye doctor can detect subpar visual skills.

    Signs Your Child Has a Visual Problem

    Schedule a functional eye exam if your child:

    • Has learning difficulties
    • Reads below grade level
    • Exhibits behavioral problems
    • Has difficulty paying attention
    • Frequently rubs their eyes or blinks frequently
    • Squints or covers one eye when reading
    • Has poor hand-eye coordination

    How Do You Improve Visual Skills in Children?

    If your child is diagnosed with any visual skills deficits, their eye doctor may recommend vision therapy. This form of therapy involves the use of specialized eye exercises, prisms, therapeutic lenses and even fun computer-based games that recalibrate how the brain and eyes work together. Vision therapy involves a customized program to meet the individual needs of each child. The therapy is performed in-office and at home between office sessions.

    Vision therapy is ideal for kids because their brains are still developing and have greater neuroplasticity (meaning, their brains are more adaptable to change through the strengthening of neural connections).

    While the vision therapy program can range from a few weeks to several months, the results last a lifetime.

    If your child is struggling to keep up in school or when playing sports, don’t delay and schedule an appointment with Dr. Steven Wang at Advanced Eyecare Vision Therapy Center.

    Our practice serves patients from Irvine, Dana Point, Lake Forest, and Newport Beach, California and surrounding communities.

    Frequently Asked Questions with Dr. Matthew Wang

    Q: What is the success rate of vision therapy?

    • A: Vision therapy is a proven method to boost deficient visual skills and treat the visual system. In a multi-center National Eye Institute-funded study, 75% of patients with convergence insufficiency (problems with eye teaming), experienced normal vision or significantly improved symptoms following office-based vision therapy.

    Q: Can vision therapy treat strabismus?

    • A: Yes. Vision therapy is the most effective and non-invasive treatment for strabismus— when the eyes don’t fixate or focus on the same place or visual target simultaneously. Eye exercises that train the brain and the eyes to work together can correct the eye turn and may even result in vision improvements, such as 3D vision and binocular depth perception.

    References

    Can Your Vision Change After a Concussion?

    women rubbing her head from neuro vision problemsIf you’ve hit your head in a fall while playing sports or in any other type of accident, your vision may have been impacted.

    Between 69% and 82% of people who’ve experienced concussions report visual problems, such as eyestrain and double or blurred vision.

    Head trauma causes the brain to move within the skull. The movement can stretch the fragile cranial nerves and can even damage brain cells. Since vision relies on efficient communication between the eyes and the brain, a concussion can disrupt these neural pathways, affecting your vision.

    The resulting condition is called post-trauma vision syndrome (PTVS).

    How Does a Concussion Affect Vision?

    Our vision depends on our brain’s ability to accurately receive and interpret the images sent by our eyes. Therefore, anything that impacts the brain can severely affect our ability to see clearly. When we suffer head injuries caused by a traffic accident or a serious fall, the resulting head injury can impact the communication between our eyes and brain.

    Although your eyes may be healthy, your vision may be blurred, or you might start seeing double or experience eye strain due to post-trauma vision syndrome.

    What Is Post Trauma Vision Syndrome?

    Post-trauma vision syndrome refers to a number of visual problems that tend to occur following a severe head injury. If you have PTVS, you may have trouble with:

    • Focusing – changing focus from close to far or keeping your vision clear
    • Eye teaming or binocular vision – your eyes’ ability to coordinate
    • Depth perception – judging distance or the relationship of one object to another
    • Eye-tracking – visually following an object or text on a screen or page
    • Peripheral vision – seeing things from the side of the eyes
    • Eye alignment – the eyes aren’t aligned correctly or point in different directions

    Any one of these visual problems can negatively affect your ability to perform day-to-day tasks and significantly lower your quality of life. Driving, reading, watching TV, participating in sports, enjoying hobbies and even socializing can become difficult.

    Why You Need a Neuro-Optometrist

    A neuro-optometrist is trained to diagnose and treat visual problems related to the nervous system caused by head injuries, strokes and neurological diseases. After assessing your visual system for any aberrations, your neuro-optometrist will prescribe a customized treatment plan to strengthen your visual system and improve your quality of life.

    What Treatments Improve Vision Following a Concussion?

    A neuro-optometrist may prescribe any of the following to relieve symptoms after a concussion and help you see and feel better:

    • Prescription lenses – especially for blurry vision
    • Prism lenses
    • Syntonic phototherapy – the use of light to create balance in the autonomous nervous system and restore vision
    • Neuro-optometric therapy – a customized eye exercise program designed to rehabilitate your visual skills

    How Long Do Visual Problems Last After a Concussion?

    Typically, visual problems caused by a concussion don’t become noticeable for some time. Symptoms of visual problems can appear or remain for weeks, months or even years after the original incident. Any person who has had a concussion should be assessed by a neuro-optometrist, even if they’re not experiencing any obvious visual problems.

    If you’re still experiencing any visual symptoms of post-traumatic vision syndrome, even weeks or months after your head injury, it’s essential to see a neuro-optometrist for diagnosis and treatment. If this is your case, we invite you to schedule your appointment with Dr. Matthew Wang at today.

    Our practice serves patients from Irvine, Dana Point, Lake Forest, and Newport Beach, California and surrounding communities.

    Frequently Asked Questions with Dr. Matthew Wang

    Q: Can a concussion permanently change your vision?

    • A: In some cases, a concussion can permanently impact your vision, especially if your visual system or optic nerve has been damaged. The good news is that most visual problems caused by a head injury respond well to neuro-optometric rehabilitation therapy.

    Q: Why can it take time for concussion-related vision problems to be diagnosed?

    • A: Diagnosis can depend on several factors. If someone has been in a serious accident, their physicians are focused on life-threatening injuries. As a result, all but the most obvious visual symptoms, such as vision loss, may be missed. In other cases, the signs of PTVS can be very subtle and undetectable in a routine eye exam. That’s why anyone who has experienced a concussion should have their vision thoroughly examined by a neuro-optometrist.

      Request A Neuro-Optometry Appointment Today
      Find Out If Neuro-Optometry Can Help You!

      Regular Contact Lenses Not Working for You? Consider Scleral Lenses

      Woman wearing scleral lensesIf you have dry eye syndrome, a corneal transplant, keratoconus or who simply find conventional contacts uncomfortable to wear, you may want to try scleral contact lenses. Scleral lenses are larger than standard lenses and vault over the entire surface of the cornea. Because the lens sits firmly on the eye, it offers more comfortable and stable vision than traditional lenses.

      Eye Problems That Can Make Contact Lens Wearing Difficult

      If your cornea is irregularly sized or shaped, standard contact lenses may not fit you properly or may move when you blink. Furthermore, standard contacts can also cause or exacerbate dry eye symptoms, such as red, irritated, itchy or dry eyes.

      Below are common eye conditions that can make contact lens wearing a struggle:

      • Keratoconus
      • Dry eye syndrome
      • Astigmatism
      • Corneal transplant
      • Post-refractive surgery (i.e. LASIK)

      Why are Scleral Lenses a Comfortable Alternative?

      These oversized lenses provide relief, clear vision, and visual rehabilitation for dry eye, keratoconus, corneal degeneration, eyelid abnormalities, and corneal ectasia, among other conditions. That’s because the custom-designed scleral lenses are fitted to your unique eye shape, providing a superior level of comfort.

      Moreover, a fluid reservoir between the lens and the cornea optically neutralizes any corneal irregularities and hydrates the ocular surface, providing a moist and comfortable environment between the eye and the lens.

      How Large are Scleral Lenses?

      The average size of regular contact lenses is 9mm, which is smaller than the cornea, whereas scleral lenses measure between 14.5mm to 24mm in diameter. This allows the scleral lens to form a dome over the cornea, creating a cushion of tears between the lens and the eye.

      What Happens During a Scleral Lens Fitting?

      Scleral lenses are custom-fit to each person’s unique eye shape, corneal curves, and contours, providing unparalleled comfort. Their size and shape also ensure stability.

      To design the lenses, your Advanced Eyecare Scleral Lens Center eye doctor in Irvine will take exact measurements of your cornea through a process called corneal topography. This process ensures that your personal pair of scleral lenses allows the right amount of light in and sits stably on the eye, thus offering superior vision, all-day ocular hydration, and increased comfort.

      Schedule an appointment with Dr. Matthew Wang and Dr. Steven Wang and talk to us about getting fitted with scleral lenses.

      Our practice serves patients from Irvine, Dana Point, Lake Forest, and Newport Beach, California and surrounding communities.

       

      Frequently Asked Questions with Dr. Matthew Wang

       

      Q: Can Scleral Lenses Treat or Cure Keratoconus?

      • A: While scleral lenses aren’t a cure for keratoconus, they are highly effective at correcting vision if you have irregular-shaped corneas or cone-shaped corneas.Because those with keratoconus have irregular, cone-shaped corneas, glasses and standard contact lenses cannot conform to the shape of the eyes and thus cannot adequately correct the patients’ vision. The best solution, therefore, is scleral contact lenses, since they sit on the sclera without touching the cornea and deliver maximal clarity while being perfectly comfortable in most cases.

      Q: Can Scleral Lenses Help Improve Vision Following Corneal Transplants?

      • A: Though corneal transplants have a high rate of success, it can take more than a year for the eye to recover from surgery. This is because the eye needs time to adapt to the new cornea, during which time nearsightedness or astigmatism may develop. For this reason, scleral lenses are the ideal choice for clear and comfortable vision following a corneal graft.

       

      Call Our Offices